The Indian Navy, known as the classiest of all armed forces in the world, plays a crucial role in the defence and security of India by protecting the coastal and sea borders from external terror attacks. Compared to other military services, the Indian Navy is faster in weapon and warhead induction. It is the fifth largest Navy in the world consisting a soldier strength of approx. 58300.
Here are some of the amazing facts about our real-life superheroes of seas who make us lead a happy and peaceful life every day.
Indian Navy is 7600 years old!!
Though very surprising, the Indian Navy first took breath approximately 7600 years ago! The first tidal dock is believed to built during Indus valley civilization at Lothal, Gujarat around 2300 BC. Many Indian empires in the past had used the powers of the Navy.
Father of the Indian Navy
Did you know that Maratha emperor Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj is considered as the “Father of Indian Navy”?
Before independence – The Royal Indian Navy
Officially reborn as Royal Indian Navy under East India Company in 1776, the Navy played a key role in one of the largest conflicts in the second world war (1945) along with other wars.
After independence – When the ‘Royal’ tag was removed
The ‘Royal’ tag was removed after independence, and the first independent mission was against the Portuguese Navy during the liberation of Goa in 1961.
The inception of the ‘Indian Navy Day’
Later the Indian Navy executed a blockade, carrier aircraft bombing missions and cruise missile strikes against land targets during the Indo – Pak war in 1971. It was quite innovative that time to destroy the Pakistani oil tank by using anti-ship cruise missiles. This operation was named as ‘Trident Operation’, and the victory date was December 4, later celebrated ‘Indian Navy Day’.
Indian Navy also conducted ‘Operation Talwar’ during Kargil War, and conducted other operations for Maldives and Seychelles.
Explored the ‘Unexplored’
Indian Navy has successfully done ski traverse to geographic North and South poles. It was also the first one to send a submariner to an expedition on Mount Everest in 1965. It became ones of the proudest moments for India.
The ‘Mighty’ aircraft carriers
Most of the Indian Navy ships and submarines are now manufactured indigenously. INS (Indian Navy Ships) Viraat – the oldest aircraft carrier in the world – that has been in service since 1987 as India’s aircraft carrier was decommissioned in 2016.
The HMS Harriers (airplanes on INS VIRAAT) have the ability of vertical landing and take-off.
INS Vikrant, the majestic class carrier with HMS (His / Her Majesty’s Ship) Hercules, is India’s first aircraft carrier that served the nation from 1961 to 1997.
INS Prahar was considered to be the fastest missile boat in the world.
The INS Arihant is the first ballistic missile submarine, built by a country other than one of the five permanent members of the UN Security Council. It is a 6000-tonne vessel and the lead ship in Indian’s nuclear powered ballistic missile submarine.
A ‘one of its kind’ museum
Currently, INS Vikrant is preserved and converted into a museum docked at Mumbai port. The museum is accessible to the public for learning and memorial purpose.
Special units of the Indian Navy
MARCOS, earlier named as Marine Commando Force (MCF), is the special forces unit of the Indian Navy. They are nicknamed ‘Magarmach’ and is a very secretive operation unit of the Indian Navy.
They are widely feared by terrorists who call them the “Dadiwala Fauj” (Bearded Army) because of their long-bearded disguise. This unit faces 90% dropouts during training. They played a huge role during the rescue mission of the hostage during 26/11 attacks of Mumbai.
Sagar Prahari Bal (SPB)
After 26/11 Mumbai Attack, the Sagar Prahari Bal (SPB) was formed in March 2009. It is the unit of Indian Navy responsible for patrolling India’s coastal waters. This force presently consists of 2000 personnel and is equipped with 80 patrol boats.
Sagar Pawan Aerobatic Team
Sagar Pawar is the aerobatic demonstration team of the Indian Navy. It is one of the only two naval aerobatic teams in the entire world, the other being the Blue Angels of the US Navy.
The team uses 4 HJT – 16 Kiran MK 2 trainer aircraft and the colour scheme used by the aircraft is dark blue on white. There are only two naval aerobatic teams in the world, and one of them is Sagar Pawan.
Largest Naval Academy in Asia
The Ezhimala Naval Academy located in Kerala is the largest of its kind in Asia. It was inaugurated by then Prime Minister of India, Dr. Manmohan Singh, in 2009. The final project cost of the academy was 721 crores.
In Humanitarian Mission
India also uses its navy to enhance international relations by conducting frequent post visits and going on humanitarian missions like providing disaster relief.
Growing Stronger Each Day
The Indian Navy expects to be a force of 200 ships and 500 aircraft by 2050. It has already got the approval of acquiring 56 warships over the next ten years including six submarines and the third aircraft carrier.
Indian Navy is expected to have INS Vishal by 2030.
The missile BrahMos is the fastest cruise missile in the world with a speed of Mach (ratio b/w the speed of the object and the speed of sound) 2.8 – 3.0. India is the only country with supersonic cruise missiles in their army, navy and air force.
Rank of “Admiral of the Fleet”
The honorary rank of “Admiral of the Fleet” exists in Indian Navy, but it is primarily reserved for major wartime use and honour. None of the officers of the Indian Navy has been conferred to this rank yet.
The Indian Navy has its own satellite
Yes, the Indian Navy has a bird flying up high in orbit. It is a multi-communication satellite called GSAT – 7 built by ISRO. It helps the Indian Navy to acquire the blue water capabilities, which means an oceangoing fleet can operate on the high oceans far from its nation’s homeports.
The Indian Navy has been engaged in wars in the past and has proved its mettle time again and again. Undoubtedly, they are the classiest of all!